Eric.ed.gov – Fifty Years of Federal Teacher Policy: An Appraisal

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Federal policy directed to teaching and teachers is the subject of this review, which is organized around: (1) recruitment; (2) training; (3) accountability; (4) incentives; (5) qualifications; (6) class size reduction; (teacher working conditions; and (8) human resource management and the overall coordination of teacher policy. For each theme, the authors describe past and current federal policy; assess the evidence on policy effects and effectiveness; and conclude with an overall appraisal. Recommendations for future federal teacher policy are provided. Reported observations include: (1) lack of policy research that might supply direction to ongoing policy investments; (2) teaching presents a number of fundamental problems that policy has yet to address successfully; (3) local conditions in schools and districts play a large role in the effectiveness of federal teacher policy; (4) federal teacher policy has accelerated and accumulated, especially over the last decade; and (5) federal policy may not be targeting fundamental issues. The authors advocate that the mission of federal teacher policy should be to enhance student access to teachers of high quality and to contribute to the steady improvement of teaching effectiveness by concentrating and coordinating initiatives around four goals: (1) attract and retain qualified teachers in high-need districts and schools; (2) attract and retain qualified teachers in critical shortage fields including math, science, special education, and foreign languages; (3) attract high-priority candidates to teaching, including those of high academic ability and teachers from the spectrum of minority groups; and (4) improve teacher and teaching effectiveness, including development of better measures and evaluation procedures. Two appendixes are included: (1) Policymaking and the Problems of Teaching; and (2) The Teacher Policy Divide. (Contains 8 notes.)

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Troels Gannerup Christensen

Jeg er ansat som adjunkt hos Læreruddannelsen i Jelling, hvor jeg underviser i matematik, specialiseringsmodulet teknologiforståelse, praktik m.m. Jeg har tidligere været ansat som pædagogisk konsulent i matematik og tysk hos UCL ved Center for Undervisningsmidler (CFU) i Vejle og lærer i udskolingen (7.-9. klasse) på Lyshøjskolen i Kolding. Jeg er ejer af og driver bl.a. hjemmesiderne www.lærklokken.dk og www.iundervisning.dk, ggbkursus.dk og er tidligere fagredaktør på matematik på emu.dk. Jeg går ind for, at læring skal være let tilgængelig og i størst mulig omfang gratis at benytte.

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