eric.ed.gov har udgivet:
HISD [Houston Independent School District] has had an award program including teachers since 2000-2001. Awards based on individual teacher performance were introduced in 2005-06, and the program evolved into Accelerating Student Progress: Increasing Results and Expectations (ASPIRE) in 2006-07 with the incorporation of value-added methodology. This evaluation focuses on the 2010-11 year of ASPIRE, for which HISD paid out over $35 million. Award programs generally aim to increase student achievement by rewarding educators financially. HISD additionally designed ASPIRE to encourage teacher cooperation, align with the district’s other school-improvement initiatives, use value-added data to reward teachers reliably and consistently, include core teachers at all grade levels, and address alignment of curriculum to tests on which awards are based. HISD contracts with Dr. William Sanders’ Education Value-Added Assessment System (EVAAS) to obtain value-added scores. ASPIRE’s Strand I awards are based on campus level value-added scores, Strand II awards are based on teacher level value-added scores, and Strand III awards are based on a variety of campus level measures of student achievement. Teachers with value-added scores in the two top quartiles receive Strand II awards, with those in the top quartile receiving larger awards. With maximum award amounts at $10,300, teachers’ total awards averaged $3,500 in 2010-11. Using data collected by HISD and the Texas Education Agency, this evaluation used multilevel regression techniques to investigate the efficacy of the 2010-11 ASPIRE program, particularly focusing on core teachers (i.e., teachers who teach English language arts or reading, math, science, or social studies).