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Eric.ed.gov – Using Alternative Student Growth Measures for Evaluating Teacher Performance: What the Literature Says. REL 2013-002

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States are increasingly interested in including measures of student achievement growth, or “value-
added,” in evaluating teachers. Annual state assessments, however, which are the typical measure of student
growth, usually cover only reading and math teachers and only in grades 4-8. These state assessments thus cannot
generally be used to measure contributions to student achievement growth for early elementary school teachers,
most high school teachers, and teachers of other subjects. As a consequence, a growing number of states and
school districts are exploring alternatives for measuring teachers’ contributions to student learning. These
alternatives have the potential to be used for evaluating not only teachers who work in grades and subjects
outside the annual state testing regime but also as complementary growth measures for teachers of tested grades
and subjects. This report reviews the literature on two categories of alternative measures for evaluating
teachers: (1) Alternative student outcome measures used in statistical growth (or value- added) models; and (2)
Teacher-developed student learning objectives used for measuring growth. It also summarizes the evidence on the
use of three types of alternative growth measures: (1) Student assessments other than annual state assessments
used in statistical growth models; (2) Nontest student outcomes used in growth models; and (3) Student learning
objectives (SLOs). Three appendixes are included: (1) Literature search methodology; (2) Results of the
literature search for alternative student outcomes in statistical growth models; and (3) Results of the
literature search for student learning objectives. (Contains 3 notes and 16 tables.) [This report was prepared
for the Institute of Education Sciences (IES) by Regional Educational Laboratory Mid-Atlantic administered by
ICF International. For the report summary, see ED544208.]

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Troels Gannerup Christensen

Jeg er ansat som adjunkt hos Læreruddannelsen i Jelling, hvor jeg underviser i matematik, specialiseringsmodulet teknologiforståelse, praktik m.m. Jeg har tidligere været ansat som pædagogisk konsulent i matematik og tysk hos UCL ved Center for Undervisningsmidler (CFU) i Vejle og lærer i udskolingen (7.-9. klasse) på Lyshøjskolen i Kolding. Jeg er ejer af og driver bl.a. hjemmesiderne www.lærklokken.dk og www.iundervisning.dk, ggbkursus.dk og er tidligere fagredaktør på matematik på emu.dk. Jeg går ind for, at læring skal være let tilgængelig og i størst mulig omfang gratis at benytte.

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