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Eric.ed.gov – Axioms of Excellence: Kumon and the Russian School of Mathematics. White Paper No. 188

eric.ed.gov har udgivet: This paper looks at the popularity of after-school mathematics by focusing on the Kumon and Russian School of Mathematics models. In 1954, Toru Kumon, a high school math teacher in Japan, designed a series of math worksheets to help improve the test scores of his son Takeshi, a second grader. Toru’s goal was to teach Takeshi how to learn independently through the worksheets and improve his calculation skills prior to reaching high school. By working every day on the problems, Takeshi was able to reach the level of differential and integral calculus when he was just a few months into the sixth grade. The Kumon model is based on four elements: (1) Individualized instruction; (2) Self-learning; (3) Small-step worksheets; and (4) Kumon instructors. Parents who want to… Continue Reading

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Eric.ed.gov – A Model for Cooperative Student Teaching Involving a Nearby Majority Black University and a Nearby Majority White University.

eric.ed.gov har udgivet: Major features of the cooperative student teaching model include 1) a pattern of student teaching assignments within the school system which would provide for proportional inclusion of prospective teachers–from the nearby majority black university and the nearby majority white university–to each school serving as a student teaching facility; 2) student teaching seminars participated in by both universities; 3) inclusion of intergroup relations content; 4) participation of supervising teachers, both black and white. Implementation involves planning and followup meetings with student teaching personnel of both universities and the school system. Student teachers and supervising teachers would be familiarized with the project at an orientation dinner meeting. A series of five seminars for student teachers (two all-day and three half-day) would focus on 1) Intergroup Relations in the Desegregated… Continue Reading

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Eric.ed.gov – The Next Chapter of Education Funding in Massachusetts. White Paper No. 199

eric.ed.gov har udgivet: As state leaders consider needed updates to the Commonwealth’s school funding formula, they should remember just how well the approach taken by Tom Birmingham, former Massachusetts state Senate president, and co-author of the 1993 Education Reform Act worked. Beginning in 1993, Massachusetts’ SAT scores rose for 13 consecutive years. The state’s scores on the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) shot up, too. By 2005, Massachusetts students became the first to score best in the nation in all four major NAEP categories (fourth- and eighth-grade reading and math). Since then, they have repeated the feat on every subsequent administration of NAEP except one. While American students as a whole lag behind their international peers, the 2007 and 2011 Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study results showed… Continue Reading