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tandfonline.com – The relationship between new universities and new firms: evidence from a quasi-natural experiment in Spain

tandfonline.com har udgivet en rapport under søgningen “Teacher Education Mathematics”:

ABSTRACT

We examine whether establishing a new university (or faculty) in a region affects new firm creation within that given region. We identified a quasi-experimental design based on Spain’s 1983 University Reform Act, which opened the door to founding new universities at the regional level. We use a generalized difference-in-difference model to estimate this relationship. The results indicate that establishing a new university has a significant positive effect on new firm creation. We then introduce an analysis by the field of knowledge of the created university/faculty and the creation of firms in different categories of sectors defined according to their research and development intensity. In this case, the results show that creating a new university/faculty has a significant positive effect on firm formation in medium-high- and medium-low-technology manufacturing as well as in knowledge-intensive market and financial services. Moreover, creating a health faculty has a significant positive effect on new firm formation in the high-tech manufacturing sector. Finally, the results indicate ambiguous results from different sources of agglomeration economies.

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Troels Gannerup Christensen

Jeg er ansat som adjunkt hos Læreruddannelsen i Jelling, hvor jeg underviser i matematik, specialiseringsmodulet teknologiforståelse, praktik m.m. Jeg har tidligere været ansat som pædagogisk konsulent i matematik og tysk hos UCL ved Center for Undervisningsmidler (CFU) i Vejle og lærer i udskolingen (7.-9. klasse) på Lyshøjskolen i Kolding. Jeg er ejer af og driver bl.a. hjemmesiderne www.lærklokken.dk og www.iundervisning.dk, ggbkursus.dk og er tidligere fagredaktør på matematik på emu.dk. Jeg går ind for, at læring skal være let tilgængelig og i størst mulig omfang gratis at benytte.

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