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Eric.ed.gov – Road to Equality in South African Education: A Qualitative Study

eric.ed.gov har udgivet: South Africa is currently experiencing a crisis in its educational systems that if not addressed, could threaten the stability of the newly established democracy. A lack of access to quality education and severe shortage of skilled trained educators is perpetuating vestiges of the old apartheid state in the nation. Approximately 6,000 students graduate from South Africa’s teacher training programs each year to meet the demand of over 12.1 million learners (Evoh, 2007). This study examines the current crisis facing the educational system of post-apartheid South Africa and more specifically how the LEAP (Langa Educational Assistance Program) school of Science and Maths could be used as a possible model for institutional educational change that may be applied on a national scale. Interviews were conducted during four independent sessions… Continue Reading

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Eric.ed.gov – Let’s Go Girls!: Evaluating the Effectiveness of Tutoring and Scholarships on Primary School Girls’ Attendance and Academic Performance in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)

eric.ed.gov har udgivet: The Democratic Republic of the Congo continues to balance a commitment to education in general, and girls’ education more specifically, and additional challenges brought about through cyclical conflict. The Valorisation de la Scholarisation de la Fille project aimed to improve literacy and numeracy by providing scholarships, tutoring, and comprehensive professional development for teachers. Using a randomized control design (RCT), we tracked both the achievement and attendance outcomes of these girls over a period of three years. Several factors positively influenced student growth in reading and mathematics, including the proportion of female teachers in the school, girls’ perceptions of the school environment, receipt of a scholarship, and tutoring (math only). Household survey data suggest that the project minimized/reduced an already existing gap between enrollment in school for control… Continue Reading

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Eric.ed.gov – Early Education Gaps by Social Class and Race Start U.S. Children Out on Unequal Footing: A Summary of the Major Findings in “Inequalities at the Starting Gate”

eric.ed.gov har udgivet: Understanding disparities in school readiness among America’s children when they begin kindergarten is critically important, now more than ever. In today’s 21st century global economy, it is expected that the great majority of children will complete high school ready to enter college or begin a career, and assume their civic responsibilities. This requires strong math, reading, science, and other cognitive skills, as well as the abilities to work well and communicate eeffectively with others, solve problems creatively, and see tasks to completion. Unfortunately, the weak early starts that many children are getting make it hard to attain these societal goals. Knowing which groups of children tend to start school behind, how far behind they are, and what factors contribute to their lag, can help in developing policies… Continue Reading

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Eric.ed.gov – 40th Annual Report to Congress on the Implementation of the “Individuals with Disabilities Education Act,” 2018

eric.ed.gov har udgivet: Since the enactment of the “Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975” (“EHA”), Public Law (P.L.) 94-142 and its successor statute, the “Individuals with Disabilities Education Act” (“IDEA” or “act”), the secretary of the U.S. Department of Education (secretary) (and her predecessor, the commissioner of education at the U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare) have been required to transmit to Congress an annual report to inform Congress and the public of the progress being made in implementing the act. The annual reports to Congress reflect a history of persistent commitment and effort to expand educational opportunities for children with disabilities. The “40th Annual Report to Congress on the Implementation of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, 2018” describes the nation’s progress in: (1) providing a… Continue Reading

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Eric.ed.gov – Achievement Gaps and Multi-Tiered System of Supports in California

eric.ed.gov har udgivet: This brief examines California’s Multi-Tiered System of Supports (MTSS), which is a framework designed to identify and assist students performing below grade level. MTSS involves at least three tiers of support; Tier 2 includes personalized assistance. Unfortunately, Tier 2 services are not adequately resourced so it is not surprising that California students rank only 38th in the nation in reading and math. To move higher, it is important that the state provide categorical funding for Tier 2 services. California teachers already have a full-time job. To successfully implement MTSS, they need additional Tier 2 personnel (e.g., paraprofessional instructional aides and trained clerical staff to manage student progress monitoring) to assist them. Link til kilde

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Eric.ed.gov – Do the Math: Cognitive Demand Makes a Difference. Research Points, Volume 4, Issue 2, March 2006

eric.ed.gov har udgivet: Today, mathematics education faces two major challenges: raising the floor by expanding achievement for all, and lifting the ceiling of achievement to better prepare future leaders in mathematics, as well as in science, engineering, and technology. Many students lack access to higher-level mathematics courses and teaching at all levels of pre-college schooling. This is unacceptable in the face of the ever-expanding technical demands posed by higher education and the 21st-century job market. Research reveals that strong academic experience is needed for both college and the workforce. Raising the cognitive demand in the curriculum is necessary for enhancing students’ career prospects. Recent trends show progress, but curriculum policies that limit course options restrict opportunities to learn for traditionally underserved students. This problem is compounded by the sorting of… Continue Reading

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Eric.ed.gov – Sharing Educational Success: All Kids Can Be Winners. Report on the December 1989 Regional Conference Sponsored by the Southeastern Educational Improvement Laboratory.

eric.ed.gov har udgivet: Summaries of talks from this 3-day conference emphasize the potential of all students from any background to succeed in their education. One keynote speaker urges restructuring of educators’ beliefs that many children cannot achieve at the level of a high school graduate. Speakers describe successful programs to encourage female school administrators, recruit minority teachers, and encourage local students to return as teachers to their hometown schools. Two administrators discuss site-based school management and participatory decision making. Other speakers describe public relations programs that foster two-way communications between citizens and schools, one including a computerized telephone message system. Cooperative learning systems that reward all students for their peers’ success spread learning throughout a classroom. Other programs described include: (1) training physically handicapped students for physical fitness; (2) using… Continue Reading

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Eric.ed.gov – Next Steps in K-12 Education: Examining Recent Efforts to Implement the Every Student Succeeds Act. Hearing before the Committee on Education and the Workforce, U.S. House of Representatives, One Hundred Fourteenth Congress, Second Session (June 23, 2016). Serial Number 114-52

eric.ed.gov har udgivet: This document records testimony from a hearing held to examine recent efforts to implement the Every Student Succeeds Act. Member statements were presented by: (1) Honorable John Kline, Committee on Education and the Workforce; and (2) Honorable Robert C. Scott, Ranking Member, Committee on Education and the Workforce. Witness statements were presented by: (1) Daria Hall, Interim Vice President, Government Affairs and Communications, The Education Trust, Washington, D.C.; (2) Cassie Harrelson, Math Teacher, Aurora Public Schools, Aurora, Colorado; (3) Honorable John B. King, Secretary, U.S. Department of Education, Washington, D.C.; (4) Dr. Stephen L. Pruitt, Commissioner of Education, Kentucky Department of Education; and (5) Dr. David R. Schuler, Superintendent, Township High School District 214, Arlington Heights, Illinois. Additional submissions were presented by Honorable Robert C. Scott, Ranking… Continue Reading

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Eric.ed.gov – The Common Core State Standards for Mathematics

eric.ed.gov har udgivet: The Common Core State Standards for Mathematics (CCSSM) was published in 2010 and includes a complete collection of standards that are published and reviewed as a “common core” in which math skills have been extensively adopted. The recommendations provided have been entirely or partially adapted by more than 47 states of the US. Authorities have committed and incredible amount of time, money and resources in creating these new standards and additional effort will be required to implement these standards The new math standards address two established issues in US education, the ordinary quality of mathematics learning and equal opportunity in U.S. schools. It is a fact that deprived students are most likely to have inexperienced or under qualified teachers, and children from impoverished families are much less… Continue Reading

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Eric.ed.gov – Socioeconomic Inequality and Educational Outcomes: Evidence from Twenty Years of TIMSS. IEA Research for Education. Volume 5

eric.ed.gov har udgivet: The International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement’s (IEA) mission is to enhance knowledge about education systems worldwide and to provide high-quality data that will support education reform and lead to better teaching and learning in schools. In pursuit of this aim, it conducts and reports on major studies of student achievement in literacy, mathematics, science, citizenship, and digital literacy. IEA studies, most notably Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS), International Civic and Citizenship Education Study (ICCS), and International Computer and Information Literacy Study (ICILS), have set the benchmark for international comparative studies in education. These well-established studies have generated vast datasets encompassing student achievement, disaggregated in a variety of ways, along with a wealth of contextual… Continue Reading